Since the arrival of modern
industries to Iran in 1921,
the construction and development of railways and roads, the establishment of
cement, sugar, match and textile industries, accompanied by absorbing a number
of work forces in those factories, together with the unbearable work conditions
and low wages on one hand and continuation of this situation while news of
labours protests at industrial countries kept coming to Iran, led to establish the
first labour support regulation in Iran in 1923 . These regulations were
developed as a by-law issued by the governor of Kerman and Bluchestan provinces and covered
carpet weaver labours of these regions. This is in fact the first document
available in Iran that
regulates the working hours, age of labour and health conditions of workers and
one may know it as the basis of work inspection system in Iran.
The by-law issued by the Kerman
and Bluchestan governor on supporting carpet weaver labors contained following
1-The working hours of all labours at carpet
weaving workshops should be eight hours a day. The employers of these workshops
are not authorized to force labours to work more than these hours.
labors will not work on Fridays and official holidays; however, they will
receive the wages of those days as a one day work.
younger than 8 years and girls younger than 10 years can not work in these
boys and girls in workshops should be separated and establishing any mixed
workshops is strictly prohibited.
5- In the
girls' workshops, women may work as forewomen and employing male foremen in these
workshops is strictly forbidden.
employer is authorized to assign work to stick workers.
workshops should not be built in damp rooms and the workshops should have
window for sunshine light.
carpet frames (workshops) should be 104 cm higher than workshop floor and
the labours' place should be arranged in a way that enables children to work
9- The head of
welfare department or health agent of the municipality would visit workshops
once a month and if health and sanitary conditions are not observed, they
should report the case to authorities.
10- Those employers
who do not observe the above mentioned legal terms will be sentenced to a
penalty varying from ten to fifty Tumans. This penalty will be paid to the
education department. The sentence might be one to twenty days of imprisonment.
11- The district
municipality is in-charge of executing the decree and supervising on its
In 1931, a number of labour and social policies for insurance regulations
were approved among which, one might mention the indemnity payment to
compensate losses to labours. Through years and completing labour laws and
regulations, the first draft of labour law was approved by council of ministers
in 1946 and in August of the same year, by approval of council of ministers, a
new ministry, named ministry of labour and propagation was established to
enforce labour law. To supervise execution of the law, a labour inspection
department was established under supervision of general manager of labour inspection department.This organization started communication
with International Labour Organization from its establishment date and invited
the experts of ILO to develop new regulations and by-laws including work
inspection. The experts of ILO were dispatched to Iran in the beginning of 1948.